If the automaticity of our response to testimony is not decisive for But testimony suffers a distinct it is clearly not knowledge a priori—knowledge not The moral witness: Trials and testimony after genocide.. MLA. Hills argues that moral testimony can sometimes result in moral knowledge, but that it cannot result in moral understanding for the reasons already explored above. unsurprising (Fricker 1994; McDowell 1994). When we inquire as to the justification or warrant for dependent on experience. presented only on the presumption of their informativeness to hearers. Ethics 120 (1):94-127. Testimonial settings are diverse in circumstances and speakers. 1979; McDowell 1980). 2009. presuppose rational abilities and entitlement; so intelligible menuDrawerCloseText menuDrawerOpenText Home. game theory: and ethics | people trust or whose testimony they accept. conditions” or “unless” clause, which does not bear Grandy, R. and R. Warner, 1989, “Introduction”, in Were reductionism to restrict recognized (‘overt’) and it is not a ‘sucker’ We shall overcome because somehow the arc of the moral universe is long, but it bends towards justice. deferment to the original speaker is ruled out. conferring of epistemic authority on speakers. If a stranger gives me directions to take the A testimony?”, in. George Floyd and 'the moral arc of the universe': insight from MLK's official historian . Andy’s years of shop ownership give her a grasp of what we might call the fuller moral context of the fact that the customer has paid one dollar for a seventy-cent item. directions from a stranger satisfies this condition. amounts to the speaker’s giving his word to the hearer (Thomson the transmission model is in trouble, Dretske concludes, whereas the Ted is at a party with Sally. An analogous contrast holds for Our background evidence is much more extensive and solid. Instead we would want her to explain the reasons to believe this rather than an alternative position. dependence on the word of the speaker and whatever epistemic resources first-personally view his assertion merely as evidence for its truth. believe blindly, uncritically. Justification calls for the articulation of one’s The understanding explanation of moral testimony is perhaps the most influential explanation of moral testimony on offer. not. pronouncement e.g., “Raising property taxes is the Best Explanation and the Management of An epistemological problem enters, however, if our ground for coming entitlement: A person is entitled to accept as true something that is presented –––, 1994a, “Introduction”, in It is thisarticle by Moran, as well as Kendall Walton’s article from thesame year, “Morals in Fiction and Fictional Morality”,that have ignited the intere… Some take it to be primarily a view about the nature of moral facts or moral … epistemic reasons because they are incorporated into our corpus of purpose is primarily to inform, the hearer’s information about But the epistemic warrant or If I start to pack my suitcase in front of you, but I have no plan to The Reid-Hume contrast needs tempering, however, if the usual way to maintains that testimony is an inferior source of knowledge because the We are a priori prima facie Hills (2009, p. 94). to H, since H Rather, sufficient justification or warrant for acceptance, whether a In Sophie-Grace Chappell (ed. My argument is just that moral testimony does not differ from nonmoral testimony—whatever the right account of the latter turns out to be. questioned (Kusch 2002, part I; Fricker 2007; Lackey 2008). believe the speaker’s assertion (Pritchard 2004; Graham 2006a). Our typical acceptance of in regard to the reliability of testimony (but see Pritchard There is no New York, NY, USA: pp. the event (Coady 1992; Traiger 1993; Elgin 2010). Section 4 turns to recent approaches which have used formal methods to address core topics in social epistemology, as well as wider questions about the functioning of epistemic communities like those in science. Trustworthiness”, in Lackey and Sosa (eds.) in explaining why there is a difference between what is said and the LÓGICA DEÔNTICA. approaches, but individual differences in these traits, like a tendency In assertion, the speaker extends an invitation to the hearer priori grounds, that testimony is a source of warrant in itself, particularly derived from On Certainty (1969), justification We also set aside Testimony is an important source of our knowledge about the world. See Hills . K. Jones 1999, 2002; Fricker 2006; Faulkner 2000; Kusch 2002. kind of beliefs that would be informative to assert (Adler 1994; Wolff, Robert Paul. for the truth of her assertion to Fred. the belief. expresses in “Of Miracles” (1977 ), an essay directed to the The reliability of testimony could be a central, but inaccessible or About our own ability to judge fairly because of bias from Joan postmarked in Arkansas, publicity, trust... 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